Genealogical and live body weight monthly records from 790 sheep of the Chiapas breed born between 1991 and 2004 were used to characterize the growth curve and estimate (co)variance components for the parameters (A, k and b) of the Gompertz function. The pedigree structure consisted of 790 sheep, including 45 rams and 379 ewes. Estimation of (co)variance components for each growth parameter was achieved using a univariate animal model with the restricted maximum likelihood (REML) method. Estimated values of heritability were: A (adult weight) 0.21 ± 0.06; b (integration constant) 0.25 ± 0.07; k (maturity rate) 0.16 ± 0.06; age at the inflexion estimated as (ln(b)/k) 0.24 ± 0.07; and absolute growth rate as [k*(0.368*A)* ln(A/0.368*A)] 0.22 ± 0.07. The growth of males was 24% (P < 0.05) faster than that of females; adult weight was 25 ± 0.7 kg for males and 23 ± 0.7 kg for females; absolute growth was 59 ± 2 g and 44 ± 2 g per day for males and females respectively. The Chiapas breed of sheep is a small animal with a slow growth curve, probably due to its adaptation to the environmental conditions where it lives. Growth curve can be modified through selection.