The elasticity of life expectancy is an important feature in life tables. It is also known as life table entropy in the areas of demography and biology, and as normalized cumulative residual entropy in reliability theory. The elasticity of life expectancy provides useful information on studying the way in which small variations in the force of mortality (or hazard rate) affects the life expectancy. In this paper, a perturbation analysis of the hazard rate to the expected interepoch intervals in a non-homogeneous Poisson process is applied, and further interpretations are given by using a normalized version of the generalized cumulative residual entropy. Properties of the elasticity, including ordering results, bounds and empirical estimation, are obtained. Moreover, the dynamic version of the elasticity is studied, and some monotonicity and characterization results are given.