Pediatric dentistry plays an important part in the orthodontic treatment of patients with rare orofacial diseases. Interactions between these two disciplines are numerous and particularly noteworthy in the following pathologies:
- cleft lip and palate;
- ectodermal dysplasia;
- amelogenesis imperfecta;
- dentinogenesis imperfecta.
After reviewing the main characteristics of these pathologies, we will highlight the fundamental role of pediatric dentistry in the early diagnosis, the prevention and the dental care throughout the orthodontic treatment. A close cooperation between the orthodontist and the pediatric dentist is a key factor to a successful treatment.