To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
This chapter provides an ethical framework to guide clinical investigation and the translation of its results into clinical practice. It describes the ethical framework for fetal therapy in clinical research as well as in practice. Medical ethics identifies the ethical obligations of physicians and healthcare organizations to patients as well as the obligations of patients. The ethical concept of the fetus as a patient is based on both the ethical principle of beneficence and the ethical principle of respect for the pregnant woman's autonomy. Innovation in fetal therapy research begins with the design of an intervention and its implementation in animal models, followed by a single case and then case series. Three criteria must be satisfied in order to conduct such preliminary investigations in fetal research in an ethically responsible fashion, by taking into account beneficence-based obligations to the fetal patient and beneficence-based obligations to the pregnant woman.
This chapter discusses research methods and findings in the context of the broader spectrum of processes involved in disasters. The discussion of the state of the art focuses on three aspects of disaster research: methodology, vulnerability, and estimates of morbidity and mortality. The study of disasters can occur in many different physical and temporal contexts. Disaster research, as with most other types of research, utilizes both qualitative and quantitative data. Surveys of individuals, healthcare providers, and healthcare organizations are heavily utilized in disaster epidemiology to obtain quantitative data about the health status of a population and possible associations between disaster exposure and health outcomes. The most commonly mentioned dimensions of vulnerability in disaster research are physical, economic, political, social, and psychological. The discussion of disaster morbidity and mortality describes how these estimates are derived, as well as the many factors that can influence their accuracy and introduce variability across studies.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.