We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. Close this message to accept cookies or find out how to manage your cookie settings.
To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
We investigate families of minimal rational curves on Schubert varieties, their Bott–Samelson desingularizations, and their generalizations constructed by Nicolas Perrin in the minuscule case. In particular, we describe the minimal families on small resolutions of minuscule Schubert varieties.
We study exceptional Jordan algebras and related exceptional group schemes over commutative rings from a geometric point of view, using appropriate torsors to parametrize and explain classical and new constructions, and proving that over rings, they give rise to nonisomorphic structures.
We begin by showing that isotopes of Albert algebras are obtained as twists by a certain $\mathrm F_4$-torsor with total space a group of type $\mathrm E_6$ and, using this, that Albert algebras over rings in general admit nonisomorphic isotopes even in the split case, as opposed to the situation over fields. We then consider certain $\mathrm D_4$-torsors constructed from reduced Albert algebras, and show how these give rise to a class of generalised reduced Albert algebras constructed from compositions of quadratic forms. Showing that this torsor is nontrivial, we conclude that the Albert algebra does not uniquely determine the underlying composition, even in the split case. In a similar vein, we show that a given reduced Albert algebra can admit two coordinate algebras which are nonisomorphic and have nonisometric quadratic forms, contrary, in a strong sense, to the case over fields, established by Albert and Jacobson.
We exhibit invariants of smooth projective algebraic varieties with integer values, whose nonvanishing modulo
$p$
prevents the existence of an action without fixed points of certain finite
$p$
-groups. The case of base fields of characteristic
$p$
is included. Counterexamples are systematically provided to test the sharpness of our results.
We describe all degenerations of three-dimensional anticommutative algebras $\mathfrak{A}\mathfrak{c}\mathfrak{o}\mathfrak{m}_{3}$ and of three-dimensional Leibniz algebras $\mathfrak{L}\mathfrak{e}\mathfrak{i}\mathfrak{b}_{3}$ over $\mathbb{C}$. In particular, we describe all irreducible components and rigid algebras in the corresponding varieties.
Let
$X:=\mathbb{A}_{R}^{n}$
be the
$n$
-dimensional affine space over a discrete valuation ring
$R$
with fraction field
$K$
. We prove that any pointed torsor
$Y$
over
$\mathbb{A}_{K}^{n}$
under the action of an affine finite-type group scheme can be extended to a torsor over
$\mathbb{A}_{R}^{n}$
possibly after pulling
$Y$
back over an automorphism of
$\mathbb{A}_{K}^{n}$
. The proof is effective. Other cases, including
$X=\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}_{p,R}$
, are also discussed.
We systematically produce algebraic varieties with torus action by constructing them as suitably embedded subvarieties of toric varieties. The resulting varieties admit an explicit treatment in terms of toric geometry and graded ring theory. Our approach extends existing constructions of rational varieties with torus action of complexity one and delivers all Mori dream spaces with torus action. We exhibit the example class of ‘general arrangement varieties’ and obtain classification results in the case of complexity two and Picard number at most two, extending former work in complexity one.
The work is devoted to the variety of two-dimensional algebras over algebraically closed fields. First we classify such algebras modulo isomorphism. Then we describe the degenerations and the closures of certain algebra series in the variety of two-dimensional algebras. Finally, we apply our results to obtain analogous descriptions for the subvarieties of flexible and bicommutative algebras. In particular, we describe rigid algebras and irreducible components for these subvarieties.
If
$(G,V)$
is a polar representation with Cartan subspace
$\mathfrak{c}$
and Weyl group
$W$
, it is shown that there is a natural morphism of Poisson schemes
$\mathfrak{c}\oplus \mathfrak{c}^{\ast }/W\rightarrow V\oplus V^{\ast }/\!\!/\!\!/G$
. This morphism is conjectured to be an isomorphism of the underlying reduced varieties if
$(G,V)$
is visible. The conjecture is proved for visible stable locally free polar representations and some other examples.
Let $G$ be a finite group. A faithful $G$-variety $X$ is called strongly incompressible if every dominant $G$-equivariant rationalmap of $X$ onto another faithful $G$-variety $Y$ is birational. We settle the problem of existence of strongly incompressible $G$-curves for any finite group $G$ and any base field $k$ of characteristic zero.
Let $G$ be a split reductive group. We introduce the moduli problem of bundle chains parametrizing framed principal $G$-bundles on chains of lines. Any fan supported in a Weyl chamber determines a stability condition on bundle chains. Its moduli stack provides an equivariant toroidal compactification of $G$. All toric orbifolds may be thus obtained. Moreover, we get a canonical compactification of any semisimple $G$, which agrees with the wonderful compactification in the adjoint case, but which in other cases is an orbifold. Finally, we describe the connections with Losev–Manin’s spaces of weighted pointed curves and with Kausz’s compactification of $GL_{n}$.
Given a faithful action of a finite group $G$ on an algebraic curve $X$ of genus $gx\,\ge \,2$, we give explicit criteria for the induced action of $G$ on the Riemann–Roch space ${{H}^{0}}\left( X,\,{{\mathcal{O}}_{X}}\left( D \right) \right)$ to be faithful, where $D$ is a $G$-invariant divisor on $X$ of degree at least ${{2}_{gX}}\,-\,2$. This leads to a concise answer to the question of when the action of $G$ on the space ${{H}^{0}}\left( X,\,\Omega _{X}^{\otimes m} \right)$ of global holomorphic polydifferentials of order $m$ is faithful. If $X$ is hyperelliptic, we provide an explicit basis of ${{H}^{0}}\left( X,\,\Omega _{X}^{\otimes m} \right)$. Finally, we give applications in deformation theory and in coding theory and discuss the analogous problem for the action of $G$ on the first homology ${{H}_{1}}\left( X,\,\mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z} \right)$ if $X$ is a Riemann surface.
We investigate Cox rings of minimal resolutions of surface quotient singularities and provide two descriptions of these rings. The first one is the equation for the spectrum of a Cox ring, which is a hypersurface in an affine space. The second is the set of generators of the Cox ring viewed as a subring of the coordinate ring of a product of a torus and another surface quotient singularity. In addition, we obtain an explicit description of the minimal resolution as a divisor in a toric variety.
Let $G$ be an algebraic real reductive group and $Z$ a real spherical $G$-variety, that is, it admits an open orbit for a minimal parabolic subgroup $P$. We prove a local structure theorem for $Z$. In the simplest case where $Z$ is homogeneous, the theorem provides an isomorphism of the open $P$-orbit with a bundle $Q\times _{L}S$. Here $Q$ is a parabolic subgroup with Levi decomposition $L\ltimes U$, and $S$ is a homogeneous space for a quotient $D=L/L_{n}$ of $L$, where $L_{n}\subseteq L$ is normal, such that $D$ is compact modulo center.
This paper deals with the geometric local theta correspondence at the Iwahori level for dual reductive pairs of type II over a non-Archimedean field $F$ of characteristic $p\neq 2$ in the framework of the geometric Langlands program. First we construct and study the geometric version of the invariants of the Weil representation of the Iwahori-Hecke algebras. In the particular case of $(\mathbf{GL}_{1},\mathbf{GL}_{m})$ we give a complete geometric description of the corresponding category. The second part of the paper deals with geometric local Langlands functoriality at the Iwahori level in a general setting. Given two reductive connected groups $G$ and $H$ over $F$, and a morphism ${\check{G}}\times \text{SL}_{2}\rightarrow \check{H}$ of Langlands dual groups, we construct a bimodule over the affine extended Hecke algebras of $H$ and $G$ that should realize the geometric local Arthur–Langlands functoriality at the Iwahori level. Then, we propose a conjecture describing the geometric local theta correspondence at the Iwahori level constructed in the first part in terms of this bimodule, and we prove our conjecture for pairs $(\mathbf{GL}_{1},\mathbf{GL}_{m})$.
We show the existence of a large family of representations supported by the orbit closure of the determinant. However, the validity of our result is based on the validity of the celebrated ‘Latin square conjecture’ due to Alon and Tarsi or, more precisely, on the validity of an equivalent ‘column Latin square conjecture’ due to Huang and Rota.
We classify all (abstract) homomorphisms from the group $\def \xmlpi #1{}\def \mathsfbi #1{\boldsymbol {\mathsf {#1}}}\let \le =\leqslant \let \leq =\leqslant \let \ge =\geqslant \let \geq =\geqslant \def \Pr {\mathit {Pr}}\def \Fr {\mathit {Fr}}\def \Rey {\mathit {Re}}{\sf PGL}_{r+1}(\mathbf{C})$ to the group ${\sf Bir}(M)$ of birational transformations of a complex projective variety $M$, provided that $r\geq \dim _\mathbf{C}(M)$. As a byproduct, we show that: (i) ${\sf Bir}(\mathbb{P}^n_\mathbf{C})$ is isomorphic, as an abstract group, to ${\sf Bir}(\mathbb{P}^m_\mathbf{C})$ if and only if $n=m$; and (ii) $M$ is rational if and only if ${\sf PGL}_{\dim (M)+1}(\mathbf{C})$ embeds as a subgroup of ${\sf Bir}(M)$.
In this work we provide effective bounds and classification results for rational ℚ-factorial Fano varieties with a complexity-one torus action and Picard number 1 depending on the two invariants dimension and Picard index. This complements earlier work by Hausen et al., where the case of a free divisor class group of rank 1 was treated.
Let $F$ denote a binary form of order $d$ over the complex numbers. If $r$ is a divisor of $d$, then the Hilbert covariant ${{H}_{r,\,d}}\,\left( F \right)$ vanishes exactly when $F$ is the perfect power of an order $r$ form. In geometric terms, the coefficients of $H$ give defining equations for the image variety $X$ of an embedding ${{\text{P}}^{r}}\,\to \,{{\text{P}}^{d}}$. In this paper we describe a new construction of the Hilbert covariant and simultaneously situate it into a wider class of covariants called the Göttingen covariants, all of which vanish on $X$. We prove that the ideal generated by the coefficients of $H$ defines $X$ as a scheme. Finally, we exhibit a generalisation of the Göttingen covariants to $n$-ary forms using the classical Clebsch transfer principle.
For an arbitrary connected reductive group $G$, we consider the motivic integral over the arc space of an arbitrary $ \mathbb{Q} $-Gorenstein horospherical $G$-variety ${X}_{\Sigma } $ associated with a colored fan $\Sigma $ and prove a formula for the stringy $E$-function of ${X}_{\Sigma } $ which generalizes the one for toric varieties. We remark that, in contrast to toric varieties, the stringy $E$-function of a Gorenstein horospherical variety ${X}_{\Sigma } $ may be not a polynomial if some cones in $\Sigma $ have nonempty sets of colors. Using the stringy $E$-function, we can formulate and prove a new smoothness criterion for locally factorial horospherical varieties. We expect that this smoothness criterion holds for arbitrary spherical varieties.
Let X be an algebraic variety with an action of either the additive or multiplicative group. We calculate the additive invariants of X in terms of the additive invariants of the fixed point set, using a formula of Białynicki-Birula. The method is also generalized to calculate certain additive invariants for Chow varieties. As applications, we obtain results on the Hodge polynomial of Chow varieties in characteristic zero and the number of points for Chow varieties over finite fields. As applications, we obtain the l-adic Euler-Poincaré characteristic for the Chow varieties of certain projective varieties over a field of arbitrary characteristic. Moreover, we show that the virtual Hodge (p,0) and (0,q)-numbers of the Chow varieties and affine algebraic group varieties are zero for all p,q positive.