To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
In this study, we investigate a new simple scheme using a planar undulator (PU) together with a properly dispersed electron beam (
beam) with a large energy spread (
) to enhance the free-electron laser (FEL) gain. For a dispersed
beam in a PU, the resonant condition is satisfied for the center electrons, while the frequency detuning increases for the off-center electrons, inhibiting the growth of the radiation. The PU can act as a filter for selecting the electrons near the beam center to achieve the radiation. Although only the center electrons contribute, the radiation can be enhanced significantly owing to the high-peak current of the beam. Theoretical analysis and simulation results indicate that this method can be used for the improvement of the radiation performance, which has great significance for short-wavelength FEL applications.
A simple and compact printed ultra-wideband antenna with dual-band-notched characteristics is presented. The proposed antenna is composed of a rectangular patch and a modified ground plane. The rectangular patch is etched onto a lossy FR4 substrate. A circular ring strip parasitizes the rectangular patch embedded by a U-shaped slot. Two inverted-L slits and a rectangular slit are embedded onto the ground plane. Some bandwidth enhancement and band-notched techniques are applied in the antenna structure for broadening the bandwidth and generating notches. The simulated and measured results show that the proposed antenna offers a very wider bandwidth ranging from 3.04 to 17.30 GHz, defined by the return loss less than −10 dB, with dual-notched bands of 3.30–4.20 and 5.10–5.85 GHz covering the 3.3/3.7 GHz WiMAX, 3.7/4.2 GHz C-band, and 5.2/5.8 GHz wireless local area network systems. Furthermore, the proposed antenna presents relatively high antenna gain and quasi-omnidirectional radiation patterns.
The development of optical technologies requires the fabrication of reliable optical switching and limiting devices. Optical switches modulate the transmission or reflection of incident light, while optical limiters serve to limit transmission to prevent the transmitted light intensity from exceeding a defined level. A major application of optical limiters is to protect delicate sensors.
Since the discovery of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on the Chinese mainland in 1985, the virus has spread to all provinces and autonomous regions. Although much research emphasis has been placed on studying behaviors and transmission knowledge among high-risk populations, especially drug abusers and commercial sex workers, little has been done to measure understanding within other risk groups. The objective of this study was to investigate HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) knowledge and attitudes among hospital-based healthcare professionals in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China.
Data were gathered through a questionnaire completed by a convenience sample of individuals from three diverse hospitals.
Insufficient knowledge of the disease and its transmission resulted in more than 90% of the respondents expressing apprehension about contracting the virus and nearly 24% expressing reservations about caring for infected patients.
Uncorrected, such attitudes and knowledge deficiencies have the potential to impact negatively on the quality of care, patient-practitioner safety, and proper postexposure prophylaxis.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.