Three synthesis techniques have been explored as routes to produce copper oxide for use in resistive memory devices (RMDs). The major results and their impact on device current-voltage characteristics are summarized. The majority of the devices fabricated from thermally oxidized copper exhibited a diode-like behavior independent of the top electrode. When these devices were etched to form mesa structures, bipolar switching was observed with set voltages <2.5 V, reset voltages <(-1) V and ROFF/RON ∼103-104. Bipolar switching behavior was also observed for devices fabricated from copper oxide synthesized by RT plasma oxidation (ROFF/RON up to 108). Voiding at the copper-copper oxide interface occurred in films produced by thermal and plasma oxidation performed at ≥200°C. The copper oxide synthesized by reactive sputtering had large areas of open volume in the microstructure; this resulted in short circuited devices because of electrical contact between the bottom and top electrodes. The results for fabricating copper oxide into ≤100 nm features are also discussed.