Thiol-passivated gold nanoparticles were adsorbed on several kinds of support materials such as titania-coated silica aerogels and xerogels etc., and then the thiol was removed by heat treatment. The catalytic activity of the prepared composites for CO oxidation reaction was measured, and the effects of the support on the catalytic activity were investigated. Density of the supports, namely, whether aerogel supports or xerogel ones, hardly affected the catalytic activity. It was found that the catalysts having high catalytic activity could be obtained by this preparation method, even using the xerogels as the support. Calcination of the supports before adsorption of the gold nanoparticles affected the activity. The difference of the catalytic activity was observed between the composites with same gold nanoparticle size, so it was considered that the surface condition of the support materials affects the state of gold nanoparticles in composite.