To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
This chapter focuses on upper airway imaging, and examines risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) (both static and dynamic) and the anatomical factors that are changed when successful treatment modalities are applied. OSA is known to have a significant familial component. Volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been employed to investigate whether or not oropharyngeal soft tissue structures segregate in a familial fashion. These data implicate that changes in airway conformation and the size of structures surrounding the oropharynx are important identifiable risk factors for the development of OSA. Interventions which successfully improve sleep disordered breathing often have positive impacts on these same factors, which may contribute to the reduction in airway collapsibility. Imaging can be used to classify patients for the purpose of targeting treatment modalities in order to enhance the success in treating sleep disordered breathing especially in patients undergoing upper airway surgery.