The turbulent diffusion process is investigated for a continuous point source of a non-buoyant plume in grid-generated water turbulence. Two kinds of biplanar grids with a mesh length of 10 mm and 20 mm were used. The mesh Reynolds numbers were 1480 and 2970, respectively. The mean and fluctuating concentration fields of aqueous dye solution were measured by the light absorption method. Experimental results for both grids were compared.
For both grids, the mean concentration radial profiles proved to have a similar Gaussian shape, and the mean concentration on the plume axis obeys the hyperbolic decay law well. These mean concentration profiles and their decay show an excellent agreement with the results deduced from the similarity analysis for the mean concentration field.
Radial profiles of the fluctuation r.m.s. value and relative intensity (i.e. the ratio of the r.m.s. value to the mean concentration) were found also to be nearly similar, and the centreline r.m.s. value decays downstream as a hyperbola. The relative intensity on the centreline tends to increase slightly downstream. All experimental results obtained were much less scattered and more reliable than those reported earlier.
The similarity for the concentration fluctuation intensity has been analysed using a thin-layer approximation. Also, an approximate analysis of the fluctuating concentration field is given by replacing the fluctuating concentration signal by a randomly spaced sequence of rectangular waves with various heights and widths.