Effect of substrate on the texture of electrodeposited Ni layer was investigated by using various substrates; Ni-P alloy (amorphous), pure Cu (fcc) and pure Ni (fcc). In the case of Ni-P and Cu substrates, deposited Ni layer shows the (115) fiber texture and its formation was not biased by substrate. On the other hand, the formation of texture is not independent of Ni substrate because its texture is not ideal fiber.
Near the interface between deposited Ni layer and Ni-P or Cu substrates, fine columnar grains were observed. In contrast, on Ni substrate there are coarse columnar grains ahead of continuous epitaxial region. It is considered that texture of deposited Ni layer is not independent of Ni substrate due to the fact that these columnar grains satisfy a certain orientation relationship with respect to substrate.