Eu3+-doped SmBa3B9O18 luminescent materials were synthesized by high temperature solid state reactions. The structure and photoluminescence properties of Sm(1−x)EuxBa3B9O18 (x = 0.2, 0.4, and 0.6) were investigated by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and photoluminescence spectra. The results show that doping of Eu3+ ions does not change the structure of SmBa3B9O18. The luminescence is mainly the characteristic Eu3+ ion luminescence. No concentration quenching processes occur with the increment of Eu3+ concentration. The work implies that SmBa3B9O18 is a potential host material and europium-doped SmBa3B9O18 may find application in display and optical devices.