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For the success of PAL-XFEL, two critical systems, namely a low emittance injector and a variable gap out-vacuum undulator, are under development. In order to realize the target emittance of the PAL-XFEL injector we carried out an optimization study of various parameters, such as the laser beam transverse profile, the laser pulse length, the laser phase, and the gun energy. The transverse emittance measured at the Injector Test Facility (ITF) is
. An undulator prototype based on the EU-XFEL design and modified for PAL-XFEL was built and tested. A local-
pole tuning procedure was developed and tested. A significant reduction (90%) of the local-
fluctuation was observed. The requirement of undulator field reproducibility better than
and the undulator gap setting accuracy below
were achieved for the prototype. The optical phase jitter after the pole height tuning at the tuning gap was calculated to be
rms, which satisfies the requirement of
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