Local measurement of the mass-transfer rate and velocity gradient when an axisymmetric jet impinges on a flat plate was carried out using an electrochemical technique. Local measurement of the surface pressure on the flat plate was carried out separately using piezoelectric pressure transducers. The stagnation-point mass-transfer coefficient reaches a maximum when the flat plate is placed at 6 nozzle diameters from a convergent nozzle. It has been confirmed that the mass transfer to the flat plate for a high Schmidt number is greatly enhanced owing to the velocity-gradient disturbances in the wall region of the boundary layer, while the momentum transfer is insensitive to such disturbances. The relative intensity of the velocity-gradient fluctuations on the wall has an extremely large value at and near to the stagnation point, and decreases downstream, approaching a large constant value.
These velocity-gradient disturbances are not due to the usual interaction of Reynolds stress with the shear stress of the mean flow, but are due to the interaction with the surface-pressure fluctuations converted from the velocity fluctuations of the oncoming jet.
The three co-ordinate dimensions of large-scale eddies are calculated from the auto- and spatial correlations of the surface-pressure fluctuations. It is considered that such large-scale eddies play an important role in the production of a velocity-gradient disturbance in the wall region of the boundary layer from the velocity turbulence of the approaching jet.