Today, Portuguese Cachena cattle are limited to a small population in northern Portugal, and while they are well-adapted to the adverse environmental conditions of this mountainous region, they are in a very vulnerable situation.
A socio-economic analysis of the members of the Cachena Breeders' Association showed most to be individual elderly farmers with a worryingly low educational level, mostly with small traditionally managed farms.
The biometric study showed Cachenas to be quite light animals, and small in all three dimensions – indeed, they are the smallest Portuguese breed and one of the smallest in the world. The biometric indices obtained revealed the characteristics of their adaptation to mountain resources.
Financial measures to support Cachena cattle should be considered, oriented through social policies and improvement plans, with a view to developing the current production system, supporting the breeders' association and favouring biological production in order to protect this indigenous breed of limited production potential.