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Intranasal medication administration which aims to deliver to the eustachian tube orifice has been adopted for the management of a number of otological conditions, acting via a reduction in tubal oedema and improved ventilation. Evidence for the optimal head position for such drug administration is limited. We compared four different positions and also assessed spray versus drop formulation, to determine optimal delivery conditions.
Prospective, five-period, cross-over study using methylene blue dyed saline in a drops or spray container. Five healthy volunteers tested the Mygind, Ragan, Mecca and ‘head back’ head positions. Nasal spray drug delivery in the most effective head position was then compared with drops drug delivery (administered in the head back position). Intranasal delivery was assessed photographically using a 30° rigid naso-endoscope.
Maximal nasal drops delivery was achieved with the Mygind and Ragan positions. Drops were more successful than spray in reaching the eustachian tube orifice.
The Mygind and Ragan positions are best for eustachian tube orifice drug delivery, and drops preparations are better than spray preparations.
Foley’s catheter is used for post-nasal packing in severe epistaxis. Various methods have been described for securing the catheter in position, all of which can be associated with patient discomfort, risk of alar necrosis or unsightliness. We describe a new method to secure the Foley’s catheter without these problems. The ribbon gauze used for anterior nasal packing is tied over the catheter in multiple knots to secure it in place. This has been successfully tried on over 50 patients.
The authors present a novel way of securing a full thickness skin graft (Wolfe graft) that we believe is not only time saving but also helps to create a dressing that exerts an equal pressure over all areas of the graft.
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