Objective To investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (K-A-P) about food safety and nutrition in Chinese adults who were recruited to the online survey during the epidemic of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
Design Participants were recruited by an online snowball sampling method. An electronic questionnaire was sent to our colleagues, students, friends, other professionals, and their referrals helped us recruit more participants. The questionnaire included sociodemographic information, the attention paid to COVID-19, K-A-P about food safety and nutrition. Multiple and logistic regression analysis were used to explore related factors of K-A-P.
Subjects Totally 2272 participants aged 24.09±9.14 years, from 27 provinces, autonomous districts or municipalities, with 18.3% male, and 83.4% with a medical background.
Results The total possible knowledge score was 8.0, the average score was 5.2 ± 1.6, and 4.2% obtained 8.0. The total possible attitudes score was 8.0, the average score was 6.5 ± 1.4, and 36.1% obtained 8.0. The total possible food safety practices score was 5.0, the average score was 3.7 ± 1.0, and 20.7% obtained 5.0. During this public emergency, 79.4% participants changed diet habits, including increasing vegetables, fruit and water intake, and reducing sugary drinks and snacks. Gender, age, educational and professional background, disease history, the attention paid to COVID-19 and related knowledge were associated with K-A-P.
Conclusion There was room for the improvement of K-A-P in participants during this public health emergency and further strengthening education about food safety and nutrition is needed. Findings indicate that education should address biased or misleading information and promote nutritious food choices and safe food practices.