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Twinned silicon carbide (SiC) nanowires (NWs) reinforced Si3N4–SiOC composites were successfully fabricated through a joint process of three-dimensional printing (3DP), direct nitridation, and polymer infiltration and pyrolysis (PIP). 3DP and PIP were both addictive manufacturing processes, enabling the near net shape fabrication and microstructure designing of Si3N4–SiOC. With the increase of the PIP cycle number, the pores of Si3N4 were mostly filled with polymer-derived ceramics-silicon oxycarbide (containing SiC NWs and free carbons), which led to the increase of electrical conductivity of Si3N4–SiOC composites. With the increase of SiOC ceramics, the electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness of Si3N4–SiOC composites increased from 2 dB to 35 dB, in which the absorption shielding effectiveness increased to 27 dB. The flexural strength of Si3N4–SiOC composites reached 63 MPa when the content of SiOC ceramics was 50.1 wt%. It is indicated that Si3N4–SiOC ceramics are a promising electromagnetic shielding and structural material.
The LAMOST Galactic surveys provide robust stellar atmospheric parameters, abundances, masses and ages of millions of stars, allowing a unprecedented mapping of matter distribution, spatial structure, star formation rate, chemistry and kinematics of the Galaxy. In this proceeding we present structure and metallicity of the Galactic disk revealed by mono-age stellar populations within a few kilo-parsec of the solar neighborhood.
Our experiments show that external focusing and initial laser energy strongly influences filament generated by the femtosecond Ti–sapphire laser in air. The experimental measurements show the filament length can be extended both by increasing the laser energy and focal length of focusing lens. On the other hand, the plasma fluorescence emission can be enhanced by increasing the laser energy with fixed focal length or decreasing the focal length. In addition, the collapse distance measured experimentally are larger than the calculated ones owing to the group-velocity-dispersion effect. In addition, we find that the line widths of the spectral lines from
is independent of filament positions, laser energies and external focusing.
We prove by the Hilbert–Mumford criterion that a slope stable polarized weighted pointed nodal curve is Chow asymptotic stable. This generalizes the result of Caporaso on stability of polarized nodal curves and of Hassett on weighted pointed stable curves polarized by the weighted dualizing sheaves. It also solves a question raised by Mumford and Gieseker, to prove the Chow asymptotic stability of stable nodal curves by the Hilbert–Mumford criterion.
In this paper, the effect of an annealing treatment on the microstructure, mechanical
properties and electrical conductivity of a deformed Cu-12.8 wt%Fe composite prepared by
the “casting/cold working” process is investigated. The Fe filaments exhibit the shape
characteristic in the as-drawn composite as the annealing temperature is lower than 500
°C. When the annealing temperature is above 500 °C, the Fe filaments undergo the
instability process in terms of boundary splitting, coarsening and breakup gradually. The
tensile strength gradually decreases with increasing annealing temperature due to the
coarsening of filament spacing. The work hardening for the composite annealed above 600 °C
is slower than that annealed at a lower temperature. The electrical conductivity reaches a
maximum of 60%IACS at a temperature of 450 °C for one hour of annealing, and it further
increases with increasing annealing time at 450 °C to reach a plateau of 68% IACS. The
curve between the tensile strength and electrical conductivity under different annealing
processes indicates that the optimum annealing temperature for the Cu-Fe composite is 450
Light trapping is one of the key challenges for the next generation of thin film solar cells. In this work, we have identified the distinct light trapping effects for short and long wavelength solar spectrum ranges, by investigating lighting trapping structures on both sides of Si thin film solar cells. The sub-wavelength moth-eye-like photonic front surface and multi-layer grating photonic crystal reflector on the bottom surface are studied in detail via the Finite Difference Time Domain method for its solar energy absorption characteristics. Our study reveals the drastic difference in the light trapping effects within the solar spectrum wavelength. This work may provide guidance for efficiency enhancement of next generation thin film photovoltaic cells.
We employ the method of phase-modulated KrF excimer pulsed laser interference crystallization to fabricate nanometer-sized crystalline silicon (nc-Si) with the two-dimensional (2D) patterned distribution within the ultra-thin a-Si:H single-layer. The local crystallization occurs after interference laser irradiation under proper energy density. The results of atomic force microscopy, Raman scattering spectroscopy, cross-section transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy demonstrate that Si nano-crystallites are formed within the initial a-Si:H single-layer, selectively located in the discal regions with the diameter of 350 nm and patterned with the same 2D periodicity of 2.0 μm as the phase-shifting grating. The results show that the present method can be used to fabricate patterned nc-Si films for device applications.
The concept of using “self-assembled” and “force-engineered” nanostructures to enhance the thermoelectric figure of merit relative to bulk homogeneous and composite materials is presented in general terms. Specific application is made to the Si-Ge system for use in power generation at high temperature. The scientific advantages of the nanocomposite approach for the simultaneous increase in the power factor and decrease of the thermal conductivity are emphasized along with the practical advantages of having bulk samples for property measurements and a straightforward path to scale-up materials synthesis and integration of nanostructured materials into thermoelectric cooling and power generation devices.
In this article, we investigated the defects introduced by surface mechanical attrition treatment by Doppler-broadening spectroscopy of positron annihilation radiation in surface-nanostructured 316L stainless steel. Through the measurement of different thinning layers in the samples treated for 15 min, the slope of line shape parameter S versus wing parameter W curves showed three different values with depth responding to the change of defect configuration. An unusual change of S and W parameters near the surface was mainly from the effect of quantum-dot-like state caused by the formation of nanoparticles. Based on the change of S ˜ W with depth, the martensite phase transformation induced by strain could be estimated to occur within a depth of 35 μm.
The results of positron lifetime and Doppler broadening spectrum of defects in the hydrogen charged non-heat treatable 5xxx Al alloys are presented in this work. The yield stress of the sample was reduced for about 20 MPa after hydrogen was charged. A similar trend was observed in positron lifetime measurement, as the average lifetime τav descended remarkably to almost the level of Al matrix. The change in coincidence Doppler broadening (CDB) spectroscopy was also significant, exhibited by the characteristic change in CDB radio curves of a sample before and after hydrogen was charged. After hydrogen charging, there is an obvious enhancement in the high momentum region compensating dehancement in the low momentum region. This indicates the existence of hydrogen filling effect. The vacancies around the Mg atoms should be preferential filling sites for hydrogen because Mg has a strong affinity for hydrogen. The formation of an Mg–H bond parallel to a grain boundary is an important factor in weakening the grain boundary cohesion.
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