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To longitudinally investigates the Survivors' daily lives and healthy condition after Sichuan earthquake in China. This study identifies Survivors' daily lives and health conditions for 3-years.
The study was conducted after obtaining approval in Ethical Review Board of Sichuan University.
The study was conducted for the survivors who experienced the earthquake and aged 18 years and over, and joined the 1st year and 2nd year study. Questionnaire included the survivors' socio-demographics, impact of disaster and the health status after disaster. The date was analyzed using SPSS 13.0 software.
Results showed the follow-up date which was results of 3-years. The changes of daily lives of survivors for 3-years were fluctuations. As their health conditions in the 3rd year, the following symptoms were decreased: locomotors system disease, respiratory disease, Autoimmunity and endocrine diseases, asthma and allergy, Gout, Irregular menstruation/dysmenorrheal, kidney disease and the others. In contrast, the following symptoms were increased: cardiac disease, weight gain/less, hypertension, diabetes, and liver disease. About their self-rated health, “Not healthy” at 3rd year was 26.4%. Compared with the 1st year and 2nd year results, it has taken a turn for the significantly better (1st year 49.9%; 2nd year 35.1%). With regard to the psychological condition, the Positive response of IES-R at 3rd year was 11.6%. Compared with the 1st year and 2nd year results, the Positive response of IES-R significantly decrease (1st year 49.8; 2nd year 31.8%. p < 0.001, by Pearson Chi-square).
After 3rd year of the Sichuan earthquake disaster, the survivors' physical and psychological conditions have improved compared to 1st year and 2nd year results. However most of the survivors still had some health problems in their health. Our local nursing authorities still need to go on their health promotion, which can further improve the survivors' health status.
The objective of this study was to identify the daily lives and health conditions of survivors of the Sichuan Earthquake after two years.
The study was conducted for the survivors ≥ 18 years of age who experienced the earthquake. The questionnaire included the survivors' socio-demographics, impact of the disaster, and their health status after the disaster.
Approximately 65% of respondents said that their conditions were healthy in the second year after the earthquake. The changes of daily lives among the survivors were increased from 1st year to 2nd year, as follows: diet (1st year; 24.5%–2nd year; 14.1%), sleep (29.4%–23.6%), entertainments (9.6%–15.1%). As health conditions, the following symptoms were increased; diabetes (2.8%–3.5%), cardiac disease (2.9%–5.0%), functional disturbances of body's joints and muscles (18%–21%). In contrast, the following symptoms were decreased; obesity/skinny (5%–3.5%), kidney disease (4.4%–1.6%), asthma and allergy (7.2%–5.6%). The current health conditions of the survivors included: headache, eyestrain, hand, foot, and/or joint's ache, sleep disorder. With regard to the psychological condition, the mean value of IES-R score was 22.2 ± 11.8. Compared with the 1st year results, the mean value IES-R score significantly decreased (1st year; 30.8 ± 16.8, p < 0.001, by paired t-test).
The survivors' physical and psychological conditions have improved compared to 1st year results. However most of the survivors still had some health problems in their health.
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