We investigated the solid phase crystallization (SPC) behavior of 1000 Å amorphous Si (a- Si) films deposited by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) at various temperatures and were able to enhance the grain size of the crystallized polysilicon films using double layers of a-Si filns. The deposition temperature of monolayer a-Si films varied from 200 to 400 °C and the films were recrystallized at 600 °C in nitrogen. As the deposition temperature increased, the incubation time was decreased and both the nucleation rate and growth rate were increased. Especially, the nucleation rate strongly depended on the deposition temperature.
Since the Si-SiO2 interface provides a large number of nucleation sites, it is desirable to suppress nucleation at the interface. As an idea we employed a structure with double layer a-Si films. The bottom a-Si layer deposited at lower temperature could suppress the nucleation at the Si-SiO2 interface while the top a-Si layer deposited at higher temperature could nucleate with a smaller number of nucleation sites. The incubation time and transformation behavior were determined by the deposition temperature of the top layer. As an example, the grain size of the double layer film deposited sequentially at 150 °C and 200 °C enhanced to 1.8 μm while that of the monolayer film deposited at 200 °C was 1.4 μm.