The synthesis of MS2 (M = Mo, W) onion-like nanoparticles by means of a high temperature MOCVD process starting from W(CO)6 and elemental sulfur is reported. The reaction can also be carried out in two steps where the intermediate amorphous WS2 nanoparticles formed through the high temperature reaction of tungsten and sulfur in the initial phase of the reaction are isolated and converted in a separate annealing step to onion-type WS2 nanoparticles. Based on a study of the temperature dependence of the reaction a set of conditions could be derived where onion-like structures were formed in a one-step reaction. Onion-like structures obtained in the single-step process were filled, whereas the particles obtained by the two-step procedure were systematically hollow. A model could be devised to rationalize the different outcome of the reactions. The MOCVD approach therefore allows a selective synthesis of open and filled fullerene-like chalcogenide nanoparticles. Furthermore, we demonstrate the novel surface functionalization of WS2 nanotubes with polymeric ligands by complexation with a combination of Ni2+ via an scorpionate-type nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) and immobilization of TiO2 nanoparticles onto the surface of nanotubes. Synthesis of such a functional polymeric ligand was achieved via a reactive polymer precursor route.