Please note, due to essential maintenance online transactions will not be possible between 02:30 and 04:00 BST, on Tuesday 17th September 2019 (22:30-00:00 EDT, 17 Sep, 2019). We apologise for any inconvenience.
To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
We report the preparation of sol-gel waveguide films based on a newly developed recipe to incorporate organic molecules into the inorganic sol-gel glass matrix. The film was derived from a sol that has a higher titanium content in an organically modified silane (ORMOSIL), namely, ÿ-Glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane. We have shown that using spin-coating and low temperature baking, a single coating layer can have a thickness of more than 1.5 μm. When such a single layer film is deposited on a microscope glass slide or a piece of silicon with a buffercladding layer, it is able to support the guiding of optical waves. We have characterized the film using scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, X-ray diffractometry, thermal gravimetric analysis. differential thermal analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and have studied the properties of the waveguide film, including the microstructural properties. the chemical bonding properties, and the optical properties. Based on these experimental results, we found that a heat-treatment at a temperature slightly below 200°C is necessary to attain a dense pore-free film. It has also been noted that a purely inorganic and crack-free silica-titania film can be obtained after baking the titania-ORMOSIL composite film at 500°C or higher.
Neodymium(III) oxide nanocrystals prepared by an inverse microemulsion technique have been dispersed in sol-gel titania/(γ-glycidoxypropyl)trimethoxysilane composite thin films at low temperature. Transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction were used to characterize the phosphor nanoparticles and show that the neodymium(III) oxide nanoparticles have a nanocrystal structure and the size of the nanoparticles is in the range from 5 to 60 nm. An intense up-conversion emission in violet (399 nm) color from neodymium(III) oxide nanocrystals upon excitation with a yellow light (577 nm) has been observed. Two ultraviolet emissions at 347 and 372 nm and a blue emission at 466 nm have also been observed, and those are assigned to electronic transitions appropriately. A relatively strong room-temperature photoluminescence emission at 1064 nm corresponding to the 4F3/2 → 4I11/12 transition of neodymium ion has been measured as a function of the heat treatment temperature. In addition to this emission, two other emissions at 890 and 1336 nm have also been observed. Especially, a clear shoulder peak at 1145 nm, which could probably be resulting from the host matrix, was observed in all measured samples, and this shoulder peak reached a maximum intensity after a heat treatment at 300 °C.
The diffusion of magnesium into lithium niobate single crystal under different diffusion conditions has been studied by x-ray diffraction, glancing-incidence x-ray diffraction, differential thermal analysis, and scanning electron microscopy in an attempt to determine the diffusion mechanism and evaluate the crystallinity of the diffused layer. It is found that the magnesium diffused layer exhibits the crystal structure of an unknown compound from the Mg–Li–Nb–O ternary system and MgNb2O6. The MgNb2O6 is in the surface layer of the magnesium diffused layer, while the unknown compound is in the subsurface layer beneath the MgNb2O6. It is proposed that this unknown compound and MgNb2O6 which form during a solid state reaction between a thin layer of MgO and a lithium niobate crystal in a Li2O-rich atmosphere are the real sources for Mg ion indiffusion into lithium niobate crystal. The changes in Curie temperature with diffusion parameters are noted. Reasons of lattice distortion and mechanisms of Mg ion indiffusion are discussed and analyzed.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.