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Over the past 25 years, numerous studies utilizing both X-ray diffraction (XRE) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) have been reported In the literature. Generally, conventional high-temperature X-ray data identifies solid-state transitions, then attempts to correlate them with thermal events observed by the calorimeter. Since changes occur in the sample during studies such as these, separate portions of the sample must be used for XRD and DSC experiments. When comparing results of the two experiments, questions arise concerning sample homogeniety as well as temperature and environmental differences. In fact, no conventional high-temperature X-ray diffraction instrument can give the precise control over temperature and heating rate available with a DSC, The problems of sample inhomogeneltles and Instrumental differences could be avoided if X-ray diffraction and DSC could be performed simultaneously on one sample.
Vascular plants are the most conspicuous organisms on Earth, accounting for some 97 % of our planet's standing biomass. The nearly 300,000 extant vascular plant species exhibit tremendous morphological and ecological diversity. Along with the 20,000 or more species of bryophytes, algae, lichens, and cyanobacteria that also live on land, they fuel a complex terrestrial ecosystem containing animals, fungi, protozoans, and bacteria. The richness of terrestrial life has evolved during the last 10 % of Earth history; there is no evidence for non-microbial land plants or animals in rocks older than the mid-Ordovician.