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New 21-cm observations of Messier 31 are used to measure its rotation curve up to a radius of ~40 kpc.
The observations were obtained at the Effelsberg 100-m telescope and extend by ~15 kpc the radius of the last measured point
of the rotation curve. A preliminary model of the mass distribution
shows that at the last observed velocity point, the dark–to–luminous
mass ratio is ~1 for a total mass of ~4.5 × 1011M๏, which
value is comparable with that of the Milky Way.
This exploratory project is ongoing and other Hi observations using other radio-telescopes
are planned to confirm this result, as well as a mosaic of the Hα emission
We are constructing the first complete unbiased control sample of the most isolated galaxies of the northern sky to serve as a template in the study of star formation and galaxy evolution in denser environments. Our goal is to compare and quantify the properties of different phases of the interstellar medium in this sample, as well as the level of star formation, both relevant parameters in the internal evolution of galaxies and strongly conditioned by the environment. To achieve this goal we are building a multiwavelength database for this sample to compare and quantify the properties of different phases of the ISM.
This is a report on the detection of HI emission from three ‘new’ dwarf galaxies Perseus A, Perseus B, and Camelopardalis D in the IC342/Maffei group of galaxies and of Draco A. The actual number of (probable) member galaxies of this group increases to 19 galaxies. Its velocity dispersion is 86 kms−1. With a distance of 2.2±0.5 Mpc this group is the nearest to the Local Group and might have considerable dynamical influence on the Local Group.
We have observed Hɪ emission and radio continuum emission from the compact group of galaxies HCG 95 with the Very Large Array (VLA)1. Two continuum sources coincide in with galaxies in this group: HCG 95 B (3.9 mJy) and HCG95C (6 mJy). Hɪ emission and absorption was detected in galaxy HCG 95 C. In addition we detected two so far unknown dwarf galaxies by their Hɪ emission within 3.5 arcmin of the group center. We did not detect galaxy b (with ç = 8000 kms−1 it is obviously a foreground object) and galaxy d — an edge-on Sc galaxy. This group definitely is Hɪ deficient compared with the average Hɪ content expected for spiral galaxies of the same luminosity and type. The first-ranked elliptical galaxy HCG 95 A might be responsible for the observed Hɪ deficiency in this group.
We present a global study of Hɪ spectral line mapping for 16 Hickson Compact Groups (HCGs) combining new and unpublished VLA data, plus the analysis of the Hɪ content of individual galaxies. Sixty percent of the groups show morphological and kinematical signs of perturbations (from multiple tidal features to concentration of the Hɪ in a single enveloping cloud) and sixty five of the resolved galaxies are found to be Hɪ deficient with respect to a sample of isolated galaxies. In total, 77% of the groups suffer interactions among all its members which provides strong evidence of their reality. We find that dynamical evolution does not always produce Hɪ deficiency, but when this deficiency is observed, it appears to correlate with a high group velocity dispersion and in some cases with the presence of a first-ranked elliptical. The X-ray data available for our sample are not sensitive enough for a comparison with the Hɪ mass; however this study does suggest a correlation between Hɪ deficiency and hot gas since velocity dispersions are known from the literature to correlate with X-ray luminosity.
The M81 group has great advantages for dwarf galaxy studies: it has about three times the dwarf content of the Local Group but is at only about a quarter of the Virgo cluster distance. We searched for HI in 23 optically selected dwarf members and possible members of the M81 group with the Nançay decimetric radio telescope in the velocity range of −529 to 1826 km s−1 with considerably better sensitivity (2–4 mJy rms.) than previous surveys. Half the objects observed are irregular dwarfs, expected to be HI-rich and detectable at Nançay if at the distance of the M81 group (4 Mpc).
Radio recombination line observations of the Carina nebula at 6 cm and 3.4 cm were made at Parkes. Around Carina II the profiles are separated by as much as 45 km s-1. This is interpreted as expansion in the H ii region.
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