Background: The effectiveness of the Hydrocephalus Research Network (HCRN) shunt protocol has not been validated in a non-HCRN, small-to-medium volume pediatric neurosurgery center. This study evaluates whether the 9-step Calgary Shunt Protocol (CSP) adapted from the HCRN shunt protocol reduced shunt infections. Methods: The CSP was prospectively applied at Alberta Children’s Hospital from May 23rd, 2013 to all children undergoing any shunt procedure. Children undergoing shunt surgery before CSP implementation acted as a control-cohort. The strict HCRN definition of shunt infection was applied. Results: A total of 268 shunt procedures were performed. There was a significant absolute risk reduction of 10.0% ([95%CI 3.9%-15.9%], p=0.004) in shunt infections after implementation of the CSP. In univariate analyses, chlorhexidine compared to povidone skin prep reduced shunt infection by 8.2% ([95%CI 1.84-14.6%], p=0.02) and waiting ≥ 20 min between receiving preoperative antibiotics and skin incision reduced shunt infections by 9.6% ([95%CI 2.4%-16.9%], p=0.02). In multivariate analysis, only protocol implementation independently reduced shunt infections (OR 0.19 [95%CI 0.06-0.67], p=0.004). Conclusions: This study externally validates the published HCRN protocol for reducing shunt infection in an independent, non-HCRN, and small-to-medium volume neurosurgery setting. Chlorhexidine skin prep and waiting ≥ 20 min between preoperative antibiotic and skin incision may have contributed to the protocol’s quality improvement success.