By a projectivityof vector spaces Xand Yover fields F and G is meant an isomorphism Ψ:(X) → (Y) of their lattices of subspaces. A basic theorem of projective geomtry [2, p. 44] asserts that, for spaces of dimension at least 3, any such projectivity is of the form Ψ(M) = SM for a bijection S:X → Y which is semi-linear in the sense that S is an additive mapping for which there exists an isomorphism σ:F→ G such that
S(λx) = σ(λ)Sx for all λ ∈ Fand all x∈ X.
In [12] Mackey obtained a continuous version of this result: for real normed linear spaces Xand Y, the lattices and of closed subspaces are isomorphic if and only if X and Yare isomorphic (i.e., via a bicontinuous linear bijection).