Experimental procedures are described that lead to the formation of sealed red cell ghosts capable of efficient invasion by malaria parasites. Both human and monkey cells have been studied with respect to invasion by Plasmodium falciparum and P. knowlesi respectively. Resealed ghosts containing about half the normal concentration of haemoglobin are prepared by osmotic lysis and resealing at a haematocrit of 70%. When examined in the scanning electron microscope, populations of these ghosts contain few echinocytes, but have an abundance of stomatocytic forms. When undiluted haemolysate is substituted for the aqueous saline diluent, in which the cells are suspended for lysis and resealing, discocytes result, with a morphology very similar to that of the original cells. Invasion is somewhat, but not dramatically higher for this material. An investigation of the effect of intracellular potassium concentration revealed that this had no major effect on invasion. A small increase in invasion resulted from addition of 50 or 100 mg/ml of albumin to the medium in which the cells were resealed, but intra-erythrocytic protein content per se is evidently not a major factor in determining the efficiency of invasion. Augmentation of the cytoplasmic ATP concentration during lysis and resealing increased the level of parasitaemia significantly, and the parasites in these ghosts developed normally and gave rise to viable merozoites. It was found that albumin at certain concentrations passed freely into the lysed cells and reached equilibrium with that in the external medium. By contrast, the high molecular weight solute Blue Dextran 2000 was completely excluded from the lysed cells.