Crystallization histories of some ice layers in permafrost are inferred from crystal size, shape, dimensional and lattice orientation, and inclusion patterns. In an icing mound, formed by injection of water beneath frozen active-layer soil, early growth was rapid, indicated by copious small crystals and bubbles, followed by slower growth giving rise to crystals and bubbles elongate parallel to the freezing direction, c-axes were normal to crystal long axes. In a small pingo, bulk water existed temporarily at the freezing interface and freezing was unidirectional. In a larger pingo, variations in freezing rate were inferred. Later flow of ice modifies growth fabrics.