Five new species of Oncholaimellus are described. They were found in macrofauna samples from the continental shelf in the Potiguar Basin, north-east Brazil. Cuticular pores with a sclerotized outline associated with a gland were observed in some species. Oncholaimellus multiporus sp. nov. is differentiated from other species by the presence of cuticular pores of different sizes; the smaller pores are abundant and give an appearance of ornamentation. Oncholaimellus intersexus sp. nov. and O. distortus sp. nov. are similar, but differ in the size of the external labial and cephalic setae compared to the corresponding diameter, the presence of the cuticular pores and the tail shape. Oncholaimellus paulus sp. nov. and O. sineporus sp. nov. are similar, although features such as the external labial and cephalic setae size compared to the corresponding diameter and the cuticular pores differentiate between them.