Atomically flat surfaces can be obtained by high-temperature annealing in UHV of specially patterned silicon samples. Thin silicon oxide layers were grown by dry oxidation on three types of surfaces: (a) atomically flat surfaces, (b) normal (stepped) surfaces cleaned in UHV by the same high-temperature annealing and (c) normal wafer surfaces, which underwent just an RCA chemical cleaning before oxidation. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was performed to reveal the topography of the surfaces. Aluminum pads were deposited on these oxidized surfaces using photolithography techniques. The leakage current through the oxide was measured for all three cases. Our results show that the smoother the surface before oxidation, the smaller the leakage current.