We study Hele–Shaw flows with a moving boundary and multipole singularities. We find that such flows can be defined only on a finite time interval. Using a complex variable approach, we construct a family of explicit solutions for a single multipole. These solutions turn out to have the maximal possible lifetime in a certain class of solutions.
We also discuss the generalized Hele-Shaw model in which surface tension at the moving boundary is considered, and develop a method of finding steady shapes. This method yields new one-parameter families of stationary solutions. In the Appendix we discuss a connection between these solutions and a variational problem of potential theory.