The nearby galaxy distribution suggests a remarkable structure in which large voids are delineated by dense walls of galaxies in a cell-like pattern. The nearby voids range in diameter from ∼ 10 to ∼ 50h−
1 Mpc. Deeper surveys appear to be consistent with the nearby distribution and show no evidence of voids larger than ∼ 100h
−1 ∗ Mpc. We might thus have reached the scale where the universe becomes homogeneous. The size of the largest inhomogeneities in the galaxy distribution is an important issue because it can put tight constraints on the theoretical models when confronted by the high degree of isotropy of the microwave background radiation.
Comparison of the various existing redshift surveys emphasizes the need for systematic redshift surveys over significant areas of the sky out to intermediate and large distances. Although deep pencil-beam surveys are best suited for probing a large number of voids and walls, understanding the nature of the intercepted peaks and valleys in terms of large-scale structure requires that the angular coverage of the surveys be larger than the galaxy auto-correlation length. If this condition is not satisfied, the size of the voids and the density contrast of the walls can be overestimated.