Microstructure and properties of the surface alloys resulted from a pulsed
liquid-phase mixing of metallic substrates with pre-deposited films were
studied. As a tool for the liquid-phase mixing, a low-energy (~30 keV), high-current (~30 kA) pulsed (0.8–3 µs) electron beam
of energy density ranging from 1 to 15 J cm−2 has been employed. Three
immiscible systems (Ta/Fe; Al/Si/Al/Si/Al/Si/Al; Al/C/Al/C/Al) and two
systems with different solid solubility of components (Cu/316 stainless
steel; Zr/Ti/Ti-6Al-4V) were chosen for the surface alloying investigation.