GaAs layers were grown directly on misoriented (2° off (100)→) Si substrates by Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition. The threading dislocation density at the surface of 4 μm thick layers was typically 108cm−2, as determined by both preferential etching and transmission electron microscopy. Rapid thermal annealing (900°C, 10s) improved the crystalline quality of the GaAs near the heterointerface while allowing no detectable Si diffusion into this layer. Two deep electron traps were observed in the undoped GaAs, but were present at a low concentration (∼ 1013 cm−3 ). The (400) x-ray diffraction peak width from the GaAs was significantly reduced with increasing GaAs layer thickness, indicating improved material quality. This is supported by Si implant activation data, which shows higher net donor activity in thicker layers.