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Powders of TiO2 doped with a metal ion and N species were prepared by a polymerized complex method and the visible-light photocatalytic activities of the products are investigated. Of the metal ions studied (K+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Nb5+, Fe3+, Zn2+, and Al3+), the photocatalyst prepared with Sr2+ exhibits the highest activity for acetaldehyde decomposition under visible-light irradiation. Results obtained from x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and electron spin resonance (ESR) analyses suggest that the doped N species reside at interstitial lattice positions in the catalyst. It was also found by XPS and ESR measurements that the doped N species combine with lattice oxygen to give rise to a paramagnetic property. The visible-light response of the catalyst is driven by the formation of paramagnetic N species at interstitial positions in the TiO2 lattice.
A thin film composed of an ion-exchangeable layered oxide HxTi(2-x/4)⃞x/4O4 (HTiO) (where the open square, ⃞, is vacancy) is studied as an electrode material. The thin film prepared on an indium tin oxide substrate functions as an electrode for the redox reaction of Ru(bpy)32+/Ru(bpy)33+ without noticeable degradation. Lack of reaction in the presence of Fe(CN)64−/Fe(CN)63− indicates that reaction on this electrode occurs in the interlayers between titanate sheets. A Ru(bpy)32+-intercalated form of the electrode generates photocurrent under visible light irradiation.
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