The validity of Lc of film failure is studied with friction — detected scratch test . The specimens used in the experiment are ion-plated TiN and Ti films,Chemical-Plated NiPCu films on steel of various hardness,ion beam mixed plated TiN films on optical glass,The morphology of failed films was studied under optical microscope and scanning electronmicroscope,The composition of starting failure of films was analyzed with electro — probe. It is found that in the curves of scratch tests of ion-plated TiN and Ti films on high-speed steel,the load corresponding the sudden change of the horizontal force is the same as the critical load of film failure,however,the critical load obtained in the scratch test of the ion-plated TiN and Ti films on soft steel is the some deference compared with optical microscope analyzed, that is principally due to the property of films and substrates (hardness and coefficient).
The morphology and mechanism of ion — plated TiN and Ti films on high —speed steel are also studied in the paper.
The adhesion between film and substrate is an effective method in evaluating the films property. After apprasing the effectiveness of acoustic emission monitoring scratch test, someone think that no matter coated with hard or soft film it is effective on the brittle hard substrate. However,there exist errors to different extent on other film-substrate system,and the scratch test is inapplicable for soft film-soft substrate system. P. A. Steinmann pointed out while studying the factors influnceing the critical load Lc,that friction coefficient is a key factor on Lc,it provided valuable information in measuring Lc,but it think it is imporsible to measure Lc totally dependent on sudden change friction or friction coefficient, howeveer, for a specific coating substrate system,it is acceptable to say that Lc is dependent on friction coefficient. This paper study experimentally on the friction detected scratch test and found out that effectiveness of Lc varies substantially in different film-substrate system. The author studiied the regularity of various system and discuse the season. The failure morphology and principles of ion-plated TiN and Ti film on highspeed steel are also analyzed in this paper.