A method for using syncrotoron-radiation parallel-beam X-ray diffractometry for precise lattice parameters and strains of γ-γ′ type Nickel base superalloys at elevated temperature is described. The superalloys have γ′ precipitates which are an ordered L12 structure based on Ni3Al, in y-matrices having a disordered FCC structure. Lattice misfit between γ and γ′ phases was very small and peaks reflected from γ and γ′ phases made unresolved clusters of peaks.
Profile fitting with a pseudo-Voigt function is used to resolve overlapping peaks. Instrumental broadening of the peak profile was removed using a deconvolution method. The standard errors of the calculated peak angle were less than 0.002°. The elastic strain of the γ′ precipitates in the alloys were smaller than those of γ-matrices.