To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
The physical phenomena and engineering applications of martensitic phase transformations are the focus of intense ongoing research. The martensitic phase transformation and functional properties such as the shape-memory effect and superelasticity are strongly affected by the crystal size at the nanoscale. The current state of research on the impact of crystal size on the phase stability of the martensite is reviewed summarizing experimental results of various nanostructured martensitic materials and discussing the corresponding theoretical approaches. The review outlines the effects of crystal size on the complex morphology of the martensite, leading to interface structures not encountered in coarse-grained bulk materials. The unique shape-memory properties of martensitic materials can persist even at the nanoscale. Nanocrystalline martensitic materials can be processed to obtain tailored functional properties in combination with enhanced strength. Structural changes of metallic nanowires are similar to those arising by martensitic phase transformations and also can lead to shape-memory effects, as predicted by atomistic simulations.