Atomistic microstructures of long-period superstructures in Al-rich TiAl alloys were investigated by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The multi-slice image simulation revealed that Al-atoms in Ti-rich (002) layers of the superstructures are imaged as very bright dots under appropriate observing conditions. By enhancing the contrast of the very bright dots using an image processing technique, partially ordered long-period superstructures were clearly characterized. For the short-range order state, A4B, A2B and A3B type ordered-clusters are generated in the Ti-rich (002) layers. These ordered-clusters are in contact with each other, and form local microdomains of various superstructures, such as Al5Ti3, h-Al2Ti and so on. For the Al5Ti3 and h-Al2Ti ordered states, the ordered-clusters are tiled periodically to form the Al5Ti3 or h-Al2Ti domains and characteristic anti-phase boundary structures.