We present an updated list of direct strong evidence in favour of kicks being imparted to newborn neutron stars. In particular we discuss the new cases of evidence resulting from recent observations of the X-ray binary Circinus X-1 and the newly discovered binary radio pulsar PSR J1141–6545. We conclude that the assumption that neutron stars receive a kick velocity at their formation is unavoidable (van den Heuvel & van Paradijs 1997).
This assumption explains a large variety of observations, ranging from direct observed properties of individual binary pulsars and Be/X-ray binaries to the observed birth rates and dynamical properties of the populations of LMXBs, binary recycled pulsars as well as the motion and distribution of single pulsars. Below we give an updated list in favour of kicks based on the compilation given by van den Heuvel & van Paradijs (1997) – see references therein for details.