We have studied the distribution of indium in In
N single quantum wells (SQWs) with compositions of In0.18Ga0.82N and In0.22Ga0.78N. Based on lattice parameter maps extracted from HRTEM lattice fringe images, we do not find evidence for strong nanometre-scale fluctuations in the composition of the wells (indium “clusters”). Z-contrast (high-angle annular dark field) scanning TEM (STEM) and X-ray reflectivity (XRR) results both show that the width of the interface at the top of the quantum well is slightly greater than that at the bottom, which is quite abrupt. The quantum wells exhibit bright photoluminescence so these results suggest that the conventional explanation for the high efficiency of light emission from InGaN LEDs may not apply in these structures.