High damage threshold coating for high energy KrF excimer laser has been developed by the multiple ion beam deposition system, which contains a couple of the ionized cluster beam (ICB) sources and the ionized gas beam source. The damage threshold of low refractive SiO2, high refractive A12O3 and SiO2/A12O3 multilayer coatings is found to be more than 105 shots at 8J/cm2 laser energy. Oxidation is enhanced by ion bombardment during the film growth.
The refractive indices of SiO2 and A1203 films were 1.46 and 1.62 at the ion current density of 0.8μA/cm2. The film density of SiOx approaches to the bulk SiO2 of 2.3Og/cm3 with increasing ion current density. The stress-free SiO2 film can be obtained at the ion current density of around 0.5 μA/cm2.