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The structure and kinematics of the neutral hydrogen associated with Gould's Belt have been studied using data of high velocity resolution and large latitude extent covering ℓ = 10o − 350°. The data comprise the Berkeley Survey of Neutral Hydrogen (Weaver and Williams 1973, 1974), and an unpublished survey by Kerr, Bowers, Kerr, and Jackson (1983) using the 60-foot Parkes telescope. The latter is a fully-sampled survey of the region ℓ = 240° to 350°, b = −10° to +10°.
Extensive research into the impact of nutrition labelling across Europe has shown that many consumers can effectively use a nutrition label to rank a food for healthiness. The present paper considers observational and laboratory evidence which has examined the impact of nutrition labelling (on food packaging and at point of purchase) on dietary behaviour. In addition, the potential counterproductive effects of foods bearing ‘healthy’ nutrition labels are examined. The observational evidence provides a useful insight into the key characteristics of nutrition label use. Those most likely to engage with nutrition labels are more likely to have a diet related disease and/or be on a weight loss diet and have a good overall diet quality. Experimental evidence, while limited, suggests that serving size information may be overlooked by consumers. In fact, there may be a tendency among consumers to overeat foods that are perceived to be healthier. The findings from the present paper suggest that if nutrition labelling is to be considered a strategy to facilitate consumers in managing their energy intake, it must coincide with salient, consistent and simple serving size information on the front of food packages and at the point of purchase. There is a clear need for more experimental research using robust methodologies, to examine the impact of nutrition information on dietary intake. In the meantime, there should be greater attention given to portion size within national dietary guidance.
Hospice patients often struggle with loss of meaning, while many experience meaningful dreams. The purpose of this study was to conduct a preliminary exploration into the process and therapeutic outcomes of meaning-centered dream work with hospice patients.
A meaning-centered variation of the cognitive–experiential model of dream work (Hill, 1996; 2004) was tested with participants. This variation was influenced by the tenets of meaning-centered psychotherapy (Breitbart et al., 2012). A total of 12 dream-work sessions were conducted with 7 hospice patients (5 women), and session transcripts were analyzed using the consensual qualitative research (CQR) method (Hill, 2012). Participants also completed measures of gains from dream interpretation in terms of existential well-being and quality of life.
Participants' dreams generally featured familiar settings and living family and friends. Reported images from dreams were usually connected to feelings, relationships, and the concerns of waking life. Participants typically interpreted their dreams as meaning that they needed to change their way of thinking, address legacy concerns, or complete unfinished business. Generally, participants developed and implemented action plans based on these interpretations, despite their physical limitations. Participants described dream-work sessions as meaningful, comforting, and helpful. High scores on a measure of gains from dream interpretation were reported, consistent with qualitative findings. No adverse effects were reported or indicated by assessments.
Significance of Results:
Our results provided initial support for the feasibility and helpfulness of dream work in this population. Implications for counseling with the dying and directions for future research were also explored.
The importance of the pituitary in relation to many body processes has long been recognised, and may be due either to its direct influence on the body or to its control over other endocrine organs, in particular the thyroids and gonads. It is evident that various hormones are elaborated in the gland, and it appears likely that they originate in particular regions or even in particular cell types. It is of interest therefore to ascertain at what period in the development of the animal these hormones first appear. This problem can be approached from two directions, experimental and histological.
The Dipnoi form an archaic group of Fish with so many unusual features that it is of importance to work out the development of all their organs in detail, and this investigation was therefore undertaken. The early stages were studied in the collection of slides in the Zoology Department of Glasgow University, and the adult organs were obtained from the material brought back from the Gran Chaco by Dr. G. S. Carter in 1927. The work was done in Glasgow under Professor J. Graham Kerr, F.R.S., to whom I am deeply indebted. The larval stages are numbered according to his system in Keibel's Normentafeln, Heft x (3).
In addition to the hundreds of known visual-wavelength Diffuse Interstellar Bands (DIBs), a number of DIBs in the near-infrared (NIR) are now also known to exist. We present here high-resolution UKIRT echelle spectroscopy of two of the NIR DIBs toward sightlines exhibiting a range of visual extinctions. Variations in the strengths and profile shapes of the bands are considered in the context of known properties of the narrow DIBs at visual wavelengths.
Positron lifetime measurements show that electron irradiation produces indium vacancy related defects in InP. Divacancies are also found in semi-insulating and lightly doped p and n-type materials. Temperature investigations show a change in the divacancy charge state.
Positron lifetime results show that vacancies can be retained after growth of Czochralski silicon at concentrations of ∼x1016/cm3. Rapid thermal annealing as well as furnace annealing increase the vacancy concentration. The vacancies are predominantly trapped by oxygen interstitial clusters in lightly B-doped materials, and these complexes appear to have temperature dependent configurations which can be quenched-in by rapid cooling. Heavy Sb doping results in trapping of vacancies by the Sb impuritie
Larger portion sizes (PS) may be inciting over-eating and contributing to obesity rates. Currently, there is a paucity of data on the effectiveness of serving size (SS) guidance. The aims of the present review are to evaluate SS guidance; the understanding, usability and acceptability of such guidance, its impact on consumers and potential barriers to its uptake. A sample of worldwide SS guidance schemes (n 87) were identified using targeted and untargeted searches, overall these were found to communicate various inconsistent and often conflicting messages about PS selection. The available data suggest that consumers have difficulty in understanding terms such as ‘portion size’ and ‘serving size’, as these tend to be used interchangeably. In addition, discrepancies between recommended SS and those present on food labels add to the confusion. Consumers generally understand and visualise SS best when expressed in terms of household measures rather than actual weights. Only a limited number of studies have examined the direct impact of SS guidance on consumer behaviour with equivocal results. Although consumers recognise that guidance on selecting SS would be helpful, they are often unwilling to act on such guidance. The challenge of achieving consumer adherence to SS guidance is formidable due to several barriers including chronic exposure to larger PS, distorted consumption norms and perceptions, the habit of ‘cleaning one's plate’ and language barriers for ethnic minorities. In conclusion, the impact of SS guidance on consumers merits further investigation to ensure that future guidance resonates with consumers by being more understandable, usable and acceptable.
We examined and described colonization of MRSA in the anterior nares and throat from 184 community-recruited injection drug users. Thirty-seven (20%) were positive for MRSA: most (34, 92%) were carriers in the nares; while only three (8%) were carriers detected by throat swabs alone. The majority (29, 78%) of MRSA isolates were PVL positive.