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Magnetic properties of Co-doped rutile (Ti1-xCoxO2) film in combinatorial composition-spread form have been surveyed by means of a Scanning Superconducting-quantum-interference-device Microscope (SSM). As a consequence, we found magnetic domains in the spatial regions with x>0.05 without external field, giving strong evidence for ferromagnetism with finite spontaneous magnetization. The magnetic moment was monotonously increased with increasing doping level x from 0.05 to ∼ 0.13. On the other hand, it was almost unchanged for x > ∼ 0.13, suggesting that Co does not dissolve into rutile film beyond x ∼ 0.13. The SSM results on the rutile Ti0.95Co0.05O2 thin films with different thickness showed that the magnetic moment is proportional to film thickness, leading to a conclusion that the presently observed ferromagnetism does not result from Co or Co-based oxide particles on the film surface.
We report on the development of a high throughput x-ray diffractometer that concurrently measures spatially resolved x-ray diffraction (XRD) spectra of epitaxial thin films integrated on a substrate. A convergent x-ray is focused into a stripe on a substrate and the diffracted beam is detected with a two-dimensional x-ray detector, so that the snapshot image represents a mapping of XRD intensity with the axes of the diffraction angle and the position in the sample. High throughput characterization of crystalline structure is carried out for a BaxSr1-xTiO3 composition-spread film on a SrTiO3 substrate. Not only the continuous spread of the composition (x), but also the continuous spread of the growth temperature (T) are given to the film by employing a special heating method. The boundary between the strained lattice and relaxed lattice is visualized by the concurrent XRD as functions of x and T in a high throughput fashion.
Diluted magnetic semiconductor (DMS) possesses charge and spin degrees of freedom leading to their interplay promising for novel devices. DMSs based on II-VI and III-V compound semiconductors have been extensively studied so far. Recently, the oxide semiconductors doped with transition metal magnetic impurity have attracted much attention for the possible high ferromagnetic Curie temperature. Here, we overview recent studies of the transparent oxide based DMSs, ZnO, TiO2, and SnO2 doped with 3d transition metals, by using the combinatorial materials synthesis and the high throughput screening.
We developed a variable-temperature scanning microwave microscope (VT-SμM) that can perform high-throughput materials characterization in the temperature range between 4K and room temperature. As a sensor probe we used a high-Q coaxial cavity resonator, which was mounted on the low-temperature stage to allow variable-temperature measurements. We carried out systematic studies on the thermal degradation of the conducting polymers using the combinatorial libraries of polyaniline and polythiophene thin films, which showed rapid decrease of conductivity above 300C and 250C, respectively. The low-temperature performance of the VT-SμM was demonstrated by the measurement of composition-spread Nd1-xSrxMnO3 thin film, for which we succeeded in detecting the clear metal-insulator transition at 100K. We also propose a simple and easy method for the quantitative analysis of conductive thin films, by using the standard composition-spread thin films of Ti1-xNbxO2.
We developed a scanning microwave microscope (SμM) designed for characterizing local electric properties at low temperatures. A high-Q λ/4coaxial cavity was used as a sensor probe, which can detect the change of quality factor due to the tip-sample interaction with enough accuracy. From the measurements of combinatorial samples, it was demonstrated that this SμM system has enough performance for high-throughput characterization of sample conductance under variable temperature conditions.
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