Volcanic rocks of Neoproterozoic age form several fault-related inliers in Wales and the Welsh Borderland. Those in North Wales and the Borderland have been investigated recently, while those in southwest Wales remain little studied. In southwest Wales, basic to intermediate lavas and related volcaniclastic rocks and silicic tuffs in the St David’s area comprise the Pebidian Supergroup, which is intruded by minor basic intrusions, while the Coomb Volcanic Formation, exposed farther east around Llangynog, is composed of basic and silicic lavas and silicic tuffs, intruded by a single dacite sill and numerous dolerite sills. New geochemical data show that both the Pebidian and Coomb basalts have subduction-related characteristics. The Coomb basalts are geochemically similar to those of the Uriconian Group of the Welsh Borderland, while the Pebidian basalts bear a similarity to volcanic rocks recovered from the Bryn-teg Borehole, in the Harlech Dome. Uriconian-type volcanic rocks may underlie much of the Midlands Microcraton, with the Welsh area underlain by volcanic rocks of Pebidian type.