A retrospective study of patients who underwent myringoplasty as a day-case procedure in two freestanding day-surgery units during a five-year period was carried out.
Their case notes were identified and details including age, site and size of perforation, grade of surgeon, surgical approach, graft material, post-operative dressings, overnight stay, complications, and outcome were noted and analysed.
The total number of patients including both children and adults who had myringoplasty as a day case was 144. Of these, 125 patients with 143 procedures were included in this study. Their ages ranged from four to 74 years (mean = 31 years). The perforation size was small in 40 cases, medium in 61 cases, and large/subtotal in 42 cases. The overnight stay rate was 2.7 per cent and this was for immediate post-operative problems such as nausea and bleeding from the wound. The readmission rate for post-operative complications was 2.1 per cent. The follow-up ranged from six months to five years (mean = 19 months). The success rate was 83.3 per cent and thresholds on pure tone audiometry improved in 69.2 per cent of cases. The age of the patient, grade of the surgeon, and graft material did not influence the surgical outcome. There was no case of dead ear as a result of surgery.
Myringoplasty can be safely performed in both adults and children as a day-case procedure with low overnight stay and readmission rates. Success rates are comparable to when the procedure is performed on an in-patient basis.