The crystal structures of high temperature superconducting cuprates consist of alternative stacking of charge-reservoir (CR) block and conduction block. in case of YBa2Cu3Oy, (YBCO), CR block contains one-dimensional Cu(I)-O chain and BaO layers, and conduction block contains two-dimensional Cu(II)O2 planes and Y layers. YSr2Cu3Oy (YSCO), where Ba-sites of the YBCO are replaced by Sr completely can be obtained only by high-pressure synthesis. However, by replacing Cu(I) partly by Cr, YSr2Cu3-xCrxOy can be obtained even under ambientpressure conditions. The compound YSr2Cu2.8Cr0.2Oy (x=0.2) is non-superconductive, but, superconductivity is induced by partial replacement of Sr-sites with Ba; the compounds with YSr2-xBaxCu2.8Cr0.2Oy (x≤0.5) is non-superconductive, but the compound with x≥1.0 is superconductive. in order to obtain the structural information about the transition to superconducting phases, the effect of the Ba substitution is investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM).In the present study, the compounds with YSr2-xBaxCu2.8Cr0.2Oy (x=0-1.5) are examined by high resolution TEM (HRTEM) and electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) to elucidate structural and electrical modification induced by Ba-substitution.