The prevalence of sleep disturbances among patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) is estimated to occur in 37% to 98% of patients. Sleep disturbances have been associated with a reduced quality of life for patients with PD. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of rasagiline treatment on the severity of sleep disturbances among patients with idiopathic PD.
In this open-label, multicentre study, 110 adult patients with idiopathic PD were treated with rasagiline either as monotherapy or as adjunct therapy. The primary endpoint was the change in severity of sleep disturbances, assessed with the PD Sleep Scale from baseline to month 2. Exploratory endpoints included change in daytime sleepiness, assessed with the Epworth Sleep Scale, treatment satisfaction measured with the Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication, patient’s overall improvement or deterioration over time measured with the Clinical Global Impression of Improvement, tolerability, and safety.
Patients treated with rasagiline as mono- or adjunct therapy showed a statistically significant improvement in sleep quality after 2 months. There was no change in daytime sleepiness. Overall, patients were satisfied with rasagiline treatment with a mean Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication [standard deviation] total score at month 2 of 68% [16.1]. At the end of study, 64 patients (65.9%) were judged, by the investigator, as being at least minimally improved from baseline on the Clinical Global Impression of Improvement. Rasagiline was safe and well-tolerated.
Rasagiline as mono- or adjunct-therapy may improve sleep experience in patients with PD in the short term.