The RBAO (Reaction Bonded Aluminum Oxide) process and water-based gel casting were combined to produce alumina platelet reinforced RBAO composites. In the RBAO process, a precursor powder mixture of Al metal and Al2O3 is reacted to form 100% ceramic. To obtain composites in which the platelets are highly aligned, tapes consisting of 10 vol.% homogeneously distributed alumina platelets and 90 vol.% RBAO precursor powder were made by water-based gel casting using an extended doctor blade arrangement. Pellets of textured composites were subsequently prepared by stacking sheets cut from the green tapes, and filter pressing. Randomly oriented platelet composites were made using the same starting powders and gelling procedure, but without the tape-casting step. Reaction bonding was carried out in a box furnace in air. Microstructures of the composites were characterized using x-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The effect of platelet orientation on contact damage behavior was studied using a Hertzian indentation method. It was found that the textured composite exhibited improved damage resistance compared to the random composite.