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We fabricated narrow fins structures and non-planar MOSFETs like FinFETs and triple-gate MOSFETs using plasma doping with substrate heating under 350··, and measured their I-V characteristics. Fins and MOSFETs using low-temperature doping process show good current drivability and low subthreshold slope. However, without post high-temperature thermal annealing, this process could not avoid generating defects and traps as well as mobile protons on the gate and gate oxide interface and junctions, and therefore degraded device reliability. The results of ultra-small MOSFET research show possibility of new memory devices with these traps and ions in devices.
The influence of low temperature pre-annealing on p+/n ultra-shallow junction was investigated. An ultra-shallow junction was formed by means of B2H6 plasma doping at an energy of 500V. The activation was performed by excimer laser annealing. To study the low temperature annealing prior to laser annealing, furnace annealing at 300°C∼500°C for 5min was performed. Compared with control samples with no pre-annealing, the low temperature preannealing significantly improves junction characteristics, resulting in a reduction of junction depth and a lower leakage current density. A cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy analysis confirmed the lower defect density, which explains the lower leakage current. By optimizing the process conditions, excellent electrical characteristics of the p+/n ultra-shallow junction such as a junction depth of 28nm and a sheet resistance of 250Δ/sq. can be obtained.
We have investigated the electrical characteristics, junction depth and defect of ultrashallow junctions formed by using a plasma doping procedure. Compared with ultralow energy boron ion implantation at 500eV, the plasma doping process exhibits both a shallow junction depth and a low sheet resistance. The junction depths of the plasma doped samples were 15 nm and 33 nm after annealing for 10s at 900 °C and 950 °C, respectively. For the same junction depth, the sheet resistance of the B2H6 plasma doped sample is an order of magnitude less than that of the 500eV B ion implanted sample. Based on cross-sectional transmission electron microscope (TEM) and deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS) analysis, the defects formed by the B2H6 plasma doping process can be completely removed by annealing at 950 °C for 10s.
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